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Challenges and opportunities of the EU-Vietnam Voluntary Partnership Agreement for women and civil society
Par: Centre for Sustainable Rural Development (SRD)
Publié: avril 8, 2020
Pays: Vietnam
Type de document: Rapport
Document ID: 8520
Nombre de vues: 310
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Challenges and opportunities of the EU-Vietnam Voluntary Partnership Agreement for women and civil society

Vietnam is currently preparing to implement its Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade
(FLEGT) Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the EU. It is expected to generate economic,
social, and environmental benefits and to ensure safeguards to protect vulnerable stakeholders
who may have limited capacity to meet the VPA requirements. Due to their pre-existing position in
the forestry sector, women are considered a vulnerable group.
Strictly enforcing VPA standards may pressure small businesses, leading them to either close down
or undergo restructuring. As women are often employed as short-term unskilled workers, they may
face increased job insecurity. Male workers have better prospects as they often take more skilled
and permanent roles.
On the other hand, rigorous enforcement may also raise safety, labour and health standards for all.
This could benefit uncontracted short-term female workers. Modernising the timber value chain
may also increase pay and opportunities for training.
Gender disparities in land titling could become more noticeable after VPA implementation. Due to
discriminatory practices in rural areas, women often do not have their names registered in land use
right certificates. With the VPA implementation, this could hinder women’s ability to make decisions
regarding timber harvesting.
Implementation of the VPA will take place through a multi-stakeholder mechanism. This presents an
opportunity to address gender issues, by enabling Vietnamese NGOs to participate in monitoring
and evaluating the VPA’s impacts on women.