Ghana’s timber industry needs to ensure that its timber supply is sustainable, legal and meets domestic and export demand. This study argues that the low level of legal lumber supply by mills to the domestic market has created a vacuum resulting in the high patronage of low priced illegal timber supplied by numerous chainsaw operators. About 3 million m3 of raw material is currently used annually by the formal and informal sectors of the timber industry, and this is unsustainable. A high portion of this figure is supplied to the domestic market at prices 20-40% cheaper than the export value. It is also inadequate: an additional estimated 600,000 m3 per annum of domestic timber is expected to be needed because of an increase in population and economic growth. The report concludes the domestic market has long been dependent on illegal timber.